Victorian Britain

The Victorian Era – 1837 – 1901

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. This period is known as the Victorian Era and it was a time of great change and population growth. She reigned for sixty-three years, seven months, and two days. The population was recorded at 13.9m in 1831 and increased massively to 32.5m in 1901. The population explosion can be attributed to two main factors – fertility rates and mortality rates. In addition it was a period of great peace and stability with no major wars.

Victorian Timeline

The Victorian Era is a fascinating period of history to study.  Find out about the domestic and world events, and social and technological progress.  The FamilyHistory team have produced a comprehensive Victorian Timeline so that you can find out about all the important events of Queen Victoria’s reign.

The Census Era


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Victoria’s reign coincided with the era of informative censuses in Britain. The first national Census had taken place in 1801 but it was not until 1841 that personal information was recorded including Name, Age (for household members over the age of 15 this was rounded to the nearest 5 years), Occupation, and whether born ‘in county’, ‘elsewhere in the UK’ or in ‘foreign parts’. 1837 is also a very important for Family History researchers and Genealogists. From that year all births, marriages and deaths in England and Wales had to be registered at the register office in the district where the event took place. In Scotland the registration of these events became compulsory for all in 1855 and in Ireland it was compulsory to register marriages from 1845 and births & deaths from 1864.